hippophaes3us sample on Flickr.
Hippophae rhamnoides, also known as sea buckthorn, is a member of the Elaeagnaceae family. Hippophae is one of the oldest land plants, dated back to the ice age. First reports referring to its therapeutic effects appear in the 4 th century B.C. According to historical sources, hippophae was part of Alexander the Great soldiers’ diet. It was observed that sick and injured horses were healed by leaves and fruit of this plant. References of its use as drug are also found in classical Tibetan and Chinese medicine; other sources report that in the 13 th century Jenkins Khan had been using it in his campaigns.
It was not until 1929 that the first biochemical analysis of Hippophae fruits took place, and since then, our knowledge of its medicinal properties is increasing. Nowadays, Hippophae is one of the most prestigious plants of modern alternative medicine. Hippophae germinates as wild large shrub in Eurasia; oil of its fruits is extracted by crushing, no chemicals added. According to biochemical analysis made, Hippophae oil contains more than 190 nutrients and organic substances.
Hippophae rhamnoidescontains vitamin C, alpha-tocopherol, large amount of carotenoids and vitamin E, mineral elements (K, Na, Mg, Ca, Fe, Zn, Se), monosaccharides sugars, organic acids, free amino-acids, volatile compounds, various flavonoids ( quercetin, myricetin and kaempferol ), fatty acids, triacylglycerol, glycerolphospholipids, phytosterols, zeaxanthin esters, and phelonic compounds. Due to its compounds, H. rhamnoides manifests various beneficial actions: antioxidant,anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial,antitumoral, hepato-protective, and immuno-modulatory